State mining history group conference for Kapunda

KAPUNDA MINE SITE HISTORY: Two of the presenters speaking at the Kapunda conference in November, from left, Dale Mattock and Andrew Philpott.The South Australian Mining History Group will be holding its annual excursion in Kapunda this year on Saturday, November 1 and Sunday, November 2.

Presenters involved with the Kapunda Mine Site and other experts in the field will be speaking to around 30 members of the group, along with 50 interested residents attending so far.

On Saturday morning at the Kapunda Soldiers Memorial Hall in Hill Street, keynote speaker will be Greg Drew discussing the Kapunda Mine and its history as told through original sources.

Andrew Philpott, environmental projects officer at Light Regional Council and member of the Kapunda Mine management committee, will be talking about the role of the committee in the Kapunda Mine site.

Susan Arthure and Simon O’Reilley will be presenting their talk on the uncovering of Baker’s Flat and Dale Mattock, researcher and member of the Kapunda Mine management committee, will present a talk on the life and times of a Kapunda Mine Cornish Miner’s Family, 1845-1865.

During Saturday afternoon and Sunday, tours will be conducted of the Kapunda Museum, Bagot’s Fortune, along with a walking tour of Kapunda and dinner at the North Kapunda Hotel. On Sunday, breakfast will be held at Davidson Reserve, Kapunda, and a cemetery walk and Kapunda Mine Site walk, including a talk by the owner of the mine manager’s residence, will take place.

Interested participants keen to take part in any of the events or for further information, contact Andrew Philpott on [email protected] or call 0417 817 566.

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

North bundled out

BRAGGINGrights from the inaugural Northern Inland Premier League All Stars match went to the Southern Conference after a 3-1 victory over their northern opponents at Doody Park on Saturday.

TUMBLED OVER: Northern Conference’s Heath Milne outmuscles Southern Conference oppenent Ryan Searle on Saturday. Searle and his teammates would have the last laugh however, winning the match 3-1.

That match and the earlier Rising Stars game raised $3000 for Ronald McDonald House.

Southern Conference found themselves up 1-nil after only five minutes after a mistake at the back by the Northern Conference defence.

The match evened out after that early goal and mid-way through the opening half Northern Conference were pushing hard for an equaliser.

But South scored a goal against the run of play to go up 2-nil.

A Josh Quaife penalty just before the break reduced the deficit to one.

Northern Conference coach Andy Lennon thought his side had the upper hand in the second half, but they were unable to find an equaliser and pushed everyone forward in the dying minutes, allowing Southern Conference to nab a late goal for a 3-1 win.

“It was a little diapointing,” Lennon said.

“We didn’t start well, but once we settled in we didn’t look too bad.”

Lennon had nothing but praise for the new concept and believes it will be bigger and better in 2015. “The main thing about the day was to pit the best against the best and we did that,” he said.

“The boys loved the concept.

“To raise $3000 for Ronald McDonald House was great as well.”

Lennon thought 2014 golden boot winner Jake Davies was close to the best on the park and was also impressed with midfielders Rhys Andrews and Willow Grieves as well as back Brendan Hatte.

The Rising Stars match finished at 1-all after Callan Macgregor scored in the dying seconds for Northern Conference. “It was a good game,” Northern Conference coach Mark Gwynne said.

“It was a very entertaining game.”

Southern Conference scored from a free kick deflection in the first half.

Northern Conference had plenty of chances to equalise throughout the match, but were unable to hit the back of the net until Macgregor finished off a beautiful Naran Singh through ball in the final minutes.

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

New look for Tamworth in Country Cup

AN ENGLISHMAN, a miner and teenage spinner are the new faces in Tamworth’s Country Cup team to tackle a Newcastle adversary first up in Sunday’s Country Cup clash at Tamworth’s No 1 Oval.

Adam Jones plays a back foot drive for his Bective-East side against South Tamworth and wicketkeeper Tom Groth. The pair will be united in the Tamworth side on Sunday for a Country Cup clash with Toronto, with Groth to skipper the side. hoto: Geoff O’Neill 191014GOF03

Tamworth selectors named one of North Tamworth’s two English recruits, Adam Mansfield, in their side to play Toronto on Sunday as well as Boggabri-based miner Brad Jenkinson and young Old Boys spinner WillChesterfield.

Mansfield was in sparkling form with the bat and gloves in Sunday’s War Veterans Cup run chase against Namoi at No 1 Oval.

He struck a fine 45, including some spanking off drives against left-arm Gunnedah seamer Troy Sands.

He and Redback teammate Kris Halloran (75) added 105 for the fourth wicket on a dying wicket to snare North Tamworth a six wicket win and a War Veterans Cup semi-final berth.

With Halloran playing for Gwydir in the Country Plate and Connolly Cup, it enables Mansfield to fill his spot in the Tamworth top order.

“He’s been pretty exciting so far,” said Tamworth selector and fellow top order batsman Adam Jones of the English Redback.

“He hasn’t missed out yet with the bat – he’s scored two or three 40s and a half century in the trial we had.

“He’s earned a spot in the top order and will open the batting with Simon (Norvill).

“That’s a pretty exciting pairing too.

“Adam’s got a pretty tight defensive technique too and I think he and Simon will make a very good opening partnership – I think they’ll be the perfect fit.”

Jenkinson, who plays with Jones at Bective-East, has made an immediate impression on his Bulls teammates with both bat and ball.

He took wickets and scored runs for the Bulls in their two WVC wins on the weekend and will form a four-man pace attack with Angus McNeill, Jack McVey and left-armer Col Smyth.

That leaves Chesterfield as the main spin option, with James Psarakis and Michael Rixon also quite capable of bowling tight off-spin.

“Will’s in good form and been doing all the right things,” Jones added.

“Last year he was one reason why Old Boys won the first grade premiership and has shown that talent all the way through the juniors as a 15 and 16-year-old.

“He is our main spin option but Jimmie and Ricko are also handy.

“This is the best-balanced Tamworth side I’ve seen for a while.”

Tamworth selectors have also come up with a strong Second XI to play Armidale in their Country Shield clash in Armidale on Sunday.

Matt Everett, Will Howard and English teenager Jack Beaumont drop back from the Tamworth First XI squad to bolster a side to be captained by Ben Middlebrook and containing the likes of Aaron Hazlewood and Adam Lole.

Hazlewood and Lole have been long- term members of the First XI and the pair of left-handers ensure there is a strong batting lineup, with Everett in the top order with Middlebrook.

“It was hard on Matt but we couldn’t fit him in with Grothy to keep and Adam his backup,” Jones said.

“With Ben to captain the side, Matty can concentrate on his keeping and batting.

“Will (Howard) just missed out as well and he and Jack (Beaumont) will be very handy in the bowling.

“It’s a very good side too.”

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

A Centenary of Honour

Next year Gawler RSL will, with all Australians and New Zealanders, celebrate the centenary of the first Anzac Day, on April 25, 1915, where many brave souls were lost.

Arthur Gawler Short .

There were 16 known soldiers with a Gawler connection who perished 100 years ago at Gallipoli, including two on April 25.

“We are extremely proud of the Gawler contribution at Gallipoli,” Gawler RSL spokesperson Wayne Clarke said.

“It was a revelation for us that, after some research, there were so many. And many of those who returned were the foundation members of Gawler RSL. I did not realise the enormity of their contributions.”

There are still a number of descendants of those who passed in World War I, living in Gawler.

Many soldiers first signed up in Gawler, with a “camp” set up at the Evanston racecourse.

“The 10th Battalion, which included many men from Gawler, spearheaded the first waves of landings at Gallipoli,” Mr Clarke said.

“Some of the worst losses of our men were at Lone Pine, which changed hands a dozen times, and became a stalemate.

“Many of the 3rd Light Horse men were killed at Gallipoli, as they were thrust into the infantry without their horses.”

Of the 16 soldiers with a Gawler connection, two were employed at James Martin foundry in the town, Joseph Gilbert and John Turnbull; two died on April 25, (Major) Edward Oldham and Cyril Smith; and one even took the town’s name to Gallipoli, Arthur Gawler Short.

Gawler RSL is preparing to honour the centenary with a March, which will include Light-Horsemen, bands and a large choir from St Bridget’s, and an anniversary booklet.

The soldiers:

Sidney Torrington Allen (Private, 17th Battalion). Born: July 4, 1883, Gawler, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli Peninsular, December 7, 1915.

William Albert Baker (Trooper, 9th Light Horse). Born: December 15, 1880, Noarlunga, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli, Turkey, November 28, 1915.

Eric Chalcroft Bell (Private, 3rd Light Horse). Born: January 5, 1893, Basket Range, SA; Killed in Action: Monash Valley, Gallipoli Peninsular, May 19, 1915.

John Stirling Bowden (Private, 10th Battalion). Born: August 17, 1892, Stirling West, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli, Turkey, April 25-29, 1915.

Ernest Otto Alfred Bruns (Lieutenant, 16th Battalion). Born: September 11, 1890, Salem, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli, May 2, 1915.

Andrew Downie Cochrane (Private, 27th Battalion). Born: Dundee, Scotland; Died of Wounds, Gallipoli Peninsula, December 9, 1915.

Christopher Frank Forrest (Private, 11th Battalion 3rd Infantry Brigade). Born: July 28, 1894, Dalkey, SA. Killed in Action: Dardanelles, August 4, 1915.

Joseph Gilbert (Private, 1st/6th Battalion, Manchester Regiment, British Army). Born: August 7, 1884, Pewsey Vale, SA; Died of Wounds: Gallipoli, May 28, 1915.

Richard Hubert Hogben (Sergeant, “D” Company, 16th Battalion). Born: April 5, 1881, Kangaroo Flat, SA; Died of Wounds: Gallipoli, May 2, 1915.

Frank James (Private, 10th Battalion). Born: July 30, 1879, Port Augusta, SA; Died of Wounds: in 17th General Hospital, Alexandria, May 4, 1915.

Roy Stevens McLachlan (Private, 12th Battalion). Born: Lyndoch, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli, August 9, 1915.

Edward Castle Oldham (Major, 10th Battalion). Born: September 8, 1876, Gawler, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli, April 25, 1915.

James John Sheedy (Private, 10th Battalion). Born: Virginia, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli Peninsular, April 27, 1915.

Arthur Gawler Short (Private, 16th Battalion). Born: June 28, 1886, Gawler, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli Peninsular, August 8, 1915.

Cyril Charles Smith (Private, 10th Battalion). Born: October 25, 1892, Willaston, SA; Killed in Action: Gallipoli Peninsular, April 25, 1915.

John Sanderson Turnbull (Private, 10th Battalion). Born: Benfieldshire, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, Durham, England; Killed in Action: Gallipoli Peninsular, July 6, 1915.

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

Paxton Public School country fair, photos

Paxton Public School country fair, photos PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: There was plenty of fun at Paxton Public School’s Country Fair. Photo: Avery Images.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: Entries in the Scarecrow competition. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: Entries in the Scarecrow competition. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: The Instep Country Line Dancers performed at the country fair. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: A wet sponge toss was one of the many fun activities. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: Sian, Nathaniel, Connor and Hamish Membrey. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: Justine Adler, Hugh Smaller, Heidi Smaller and Mia Sharples. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: Ebony Vanderkroft, Leanne Vanderkroft, Kelly Ewing, Charli Tarranto and Caelli Jordan. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: Tyler Orr, Chantelle Crossley and Cooper Orr. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: Craig Murray, Margaret Shearer and Maggie Young. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: A Tae Kwon Do demonstration was among the many activities. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

PAXTON COUNTRY FAIR: A Tae Kwon Do demonstration was among the many activities. Photo: Krystal Sellars, The Advertiser.

TweetFacebookThis story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

‘It was definitely satisfying’: Kate Pulbrook looks back on undefeated national hockey title with NSW

ORANGE BORN AND BRED: Eva Reith-Snare (left) and Kate Pulbrook (right) with Edwina and Meredith Bone in Brisbane two weekends ago.AFTER the Hockey Australia Under 13s Girls’ National Championships in Brisbane earlier this month, Hockey NSW western region coaching coordinator Kate Pulbrook has found herself boasting a forgotten sporting success story.

It’s become common knowledge Orange guns Bailey Ferguson and Eva Reith-Snare were a part of their respective boys’ and girls’ undefeated national title winning NSW teams.

However, few are aware Pulbrook coached the girls’ side to the championship – in her first crack at the job. Despite having a wealth of coaching experience, Pulbrook acknowledged mentoring a young side at the national level presented a welcome challenge, which turned into a wonderful success story.

“It was definitely satisfying,” Pulbrook said.

“The girls did an incredible job. [Winning] was definitely an aim, but with a group of girls from all over the state you never really know.”

Pulbrook’s side’s title was NSW’s second in as many years, and the sky blues’ mentor said the expectation from outside and within the camp posed a problem for her side, one the players dealt with exceptionally.

“There was a bit of expectation,” she said.

“In fact, the girls who played last year had that expectation on themselves for this year, so we had to try and get them to just focus on our game rather than that, which they did well.”

NSW won nine of its 11 games and drew the other two to secure the title, and had the added advantage of being able to learn from, and mingle with, several Australian Hockey League (AHL) teams.

Pulbrook said she had personally made a huge effort to watch the ACT Strikers’ games, to have the chance to watch and catch up with Orange’s Edwina and Meredith Bone.

“Yeah that was great, the NSW AHL came and worked with our under 13s, and I’m sure they learned plenty,” Pulbrook said.

“We had pool sessions, and some of them answered questions for the girls if they asked. It was great.

“And I’m pretty good friends with Eddie and Mere (Bone) so we caught up with them and always made sure to watch their games. More for me, but Eva knows they’re from Orange and wanted to see them in action.”

[email protected]苏州美甲美睫培训学校.au

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

One day workshops help small biz owners

NORTH Five Consulting and former Wingham local, Paul Cummins have teamed up to run a number of one day workshops throughout regional Australia, starting in Paul’s local area, the Manning Valley.

Recently Paul has been back to visit friends in Wingham, two of them who owned local businesses, and lost a lot of money when they were forced to close the doors.

“If I had known they were struggling earlier, I could have referred them to someone to help them”, said Paul.

Seeing the hardship and pain that his friends went through was the inspiration to help other businesses in regional Australia to improve their businesses so they don’t suffer the same fate.

Paul believes small businesses are the backbone of regional Australia, and that regional Australia is largely ignored.

The Regional Business Breakthrough is a workshop designed specifically to meet the needs of small, regional businesses.

The workshop is about challenging current beliefs about what’s possible in your business but also provides excellent technical content, said Paul.

The Regional Business Breakthrough Workshop will be held on Tuesday October 28 in Taree.

Readers of the Wingham Chronicle and Manning River Times can use the discount code FAIRFAX (case sensitive) when buying tickets to SAVE $625 off the price. Discount will be applied at checkout.

For full details visit www.regionalbusinessbreakthrough苏州美甲美睫培训学校.au

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

Medium debunks myths

One of Australia’s leading mediums, Charmaine Wilson will be in Griffith tonight. The Area News has two double passes to give away to her show. Journalist MONIQUE PATTERSON spoke to Charmaine about her gift that she developed in later life.

WHEN it comes to psychics, I want to believe.

However, I have my reservations.

I’ve always been intrigued, but over the years I have had a few readings from clairvoyants that made me question the craft.

From the get go, Charmaine Wilson seemed different.

When I spoke to her on the phone she was refreshingly honest about how she only developed her gift at the age of 35.

In fact she was so honest, she admitted that she initially thought she was “having a nervous breakdown”.

“I started hearing voices in my head and thought ‘OK, now I’m nuts’.”

This honesty was quite different to the usual line of “I was born with the gift” and “anyone can develop the skill”.

Charmaine said she didn’t believe that to be true, that people who encouraged others to “hone their craft” were usually charletons who were trying to make money.

Charmaine said she had “made some bad choices” early in life.

She said her children had been taken away from her and her daughter Crystal was tragically killed at the age of four in a car accident.

Charmaine said when she started to hear the voices she decided to turn her life around because she was worried about her health.

“I stopped all the bad habits and the voices stayed,” she said.

At first she ignored the voices, but one insistent voice told her that there was a job available at a canteen near where she lived.

“The voice told me to ask to be put through to the canteen and ask for Steve. It said Steve will give you a job and you will start the next day.”

Charmaine called and when she was put through to Steve he said “how did you know? It only became available half-an-hour ago”.

Working at the canteen, Charmaine said the voices would become louder when she was serving customers.

One day she decided to repeat what she was hearing to a customer.

“I thought ‘I’ll repeat everything I’m hearing’ and this poor boy went white. It was his mother in spirit. I realised then something weird was happening.”

Charmaine said when she went home she could hear about seven voices.

“Right above the voices I could hear what sounded like my brother’s voice, I said that and they all started to clap. It freaked me out.”

Charmaine said the voices were nagging her to get out of bed one night and switch on the television.

When she turned on the television, medium John Edward’s show was on.

“I realised when I watched that he was talking to the invisible people,” she said.

Charmaine said the gift was both a blessing and a burden.

“It was terrible at the start,” she said.

However, over time she has learned how to ignore the voices or “switch it off”.

Charmaine said she had been able to connect with her daughter.

“There will be times when I get a lot of signs from my daughter,” she said.

“If she wants to play with me she will pull my hair.”

Charmaine said her great gift was being able to help people through their grief at losing a loved one.

She encourages people to move on when they have lost a loved one.

Charmaine admits there will always be people who doubt her psychic abilities.

She said a man who had lost his son was encouraged to come along to one of her shows.

After initially putting the flyer in the bin, he reluctantly attended.

“He came and I gave him 30 points of validation in less than five minutes,” she said.

“He was my biggest skeptic ever, but he still writes.”

Charmaine will be at the Southside Leagues Club in Griffithon Wednesday, October 22,from 7.30pm, as part of her Mystical Messages Tour.

She was the winner of the first series of Seven Network’s The One and has travelled around Australia reaching out to those in need.

“I get so much out of sharing messages with those searching for answers,” Charmaine said.

“If I can help one person in a small way, I have done my job.”

Charmaine said death often didn’t make sense.

“We can get caught up focusing on the tragedy, rather than finding the reason to keep living,” she said.

“I think I help bridge that gap just a bit.”

For more information or to buy tickets visitwww.griffithleagues苏州美甲美睫培训学校.au/Southside.html

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

A martyr for a moment, hero for a lifetime

Former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam. Picture: STEVEN SIEWERTComment

“With all my reservations,” Gough Whitlam said on his 80th birthday, “I do admit I seem eternal.” He warned, however: “Dying will happen sometime. As you know, I plan for the ages, not just for this life.”

Whitlam defied these intimations of mortality for another 18years before dying happened. What were his plans for the next age, his afterlife? “You can be sure of one thing,” he said of a possible meeting with his maker, “I shall treat Him as an equal.”

Those who admired and respected the former prime minister loved the jokes. Those who disliked him were not amused, even if they realised that the self-mockery kept the hubris in check. People liked Whitlam or disliked him. It was impossible to feel indifference. Yet even his enemies respected his intellect, powers of advocacy and larger-than-life presence.

Gough Whitlam in 1975.

Bitter opponents warmed somewhat after he left parliament. They had borne grudges. After 23 years of non-Labor government, they were reluctant to concede that the government he led in 1972 had a right to govern.

Their tactics of obstruction led him to call an election after 18 months, which he won. They tried again 18 months later, this time with the help of Sir John Kerr, the governor-general, and shambolic behaviour by some government ministers.

The propriety of their actions remains open for debate, but Kerr dismissed Whitlam in 1975 and Labor lost the ensuing election overwhelmingly.

The manner of his defeat has confused the Whitlam legacy. He is remembered as much for his going, which made him a martyr for many Australians, as for his achievements and the new sense of identity he brought the nation.

Gough Whitlam stands behind David Smith, the secretary to the Governor-General, as he reads the proclamation dissolving parliament following the dismissal of the Whitlam government. Picture: PETER WELLS

Senator John Faulkner asked in 2002: “Are you comfortable being an icon and elder statesman?”. Whitlam replied: “Well, I hope this is not just because I was a martyr. The fact is I was an achiever.”

He could point to achievements and reforms such as recognising China, abolishing conscription, establishing Medibank, introducing needs-based school funding, extending tertiary education, reforming family law, boosting the arts, indexing pensions, and moving to equal pay for women, voting at 18, one vote-one value and Aboriginal land rights. He removed sales tax on contraceptives.

He broke the cultural cringe, introduced an Australian honours system and a new national anthem, made relations with Asia a priority and ended Australia’s involvement with imperialism, later revived in Iraq.

Edward Gough Whitlam was born on July 11, 1916, in Kew, Melbourne, when Australia’s first prime minister, Edmund Barton, still lived. He lived during the lifetimes of all 27 other Australian prime ministers, to Tony Abbott.

He contributed to the national debate from 1944, when he campaigned for a referendum seeking federal powers for post-war reconstruction – it lost – and still went to his office four days a week in his 99th year.

Henry Whitlam, an English draper, had gone to Bombay in 1854 to join the British army, under Field Marshal Hugh Gough. He carried 54 books with him.

Later he joined the miners’ struggle for voting rights on Victorian goldfields. Henry and Adelaide Whitlam named their first son Henry Gough. Called Harry, he served four years in Pentridge jail for forgery.

A son, Harry Frederick, called Fred, became Australia’s Crown Solicitor. It’s a tribute to Australian democracy that the family could move in a generation from criminality to a senior law office in the new nation and, in the next, to the prime ministership.

Fred married Martha Maddocks and moved to Canberra, the new capital, in 1927, when he was deputy crown solicitor under Sir Robert Garran. The family was described as upper middle class. Some would argue that opponents saw Gough as a class traitor.

[On April 24, 1942, Whitlam married Margaret Dovey at St Michael’s, Vaucluce. She swam for Australia in the 1938 British Empire Games and was the daughter of barrister and future Supreme Court judge Bill Dovey.

In 2002, Gough said of Margaret, “My 25 years as member for Werriwa and three years as Prime Minister were just flashes compared in the long, warm glow of … 60 years together with Margaret Elaine Dovey.”]

Young Whitlam attended Knox Grammar, Telopea Park High in Canberra, then Canberra Grammar. As children, books were Gough and his younger sister Freda’s world. Frivolous distractions, even radio, were eschewed.

Having topped the 1934 year in Christian doctrine at Grammar, ahead of Francis James, who was to edit The Anglican, Whitlam and James were told by Canon Edwards, the principal, why Francis would receive the prize: “The reason is that James believes it and you, Whitlam, do not.”

Whitlam believed that his “maker” were the forces of family, society and history. He described himself as “a fellow traveller with Christianity” or “post-Christian”. He knew more about religious belief than most believers. His life demonstrated the importance of ideas and belief.

He read Latin, Greek, English, history and some psychology for his Sydney University Arts degree, won a rowing blue, reorganised the St Paul’s College library, edited Hermes, the students’ magazine, played Noel Coward and Neville Chamberlain in university reviews and appeared briefly in Broken Melody, a minor film. He enlisted in the RAAF in 1941, flying as a navigator from northern Australia.

In 1942 he married Margaret Dovey, who had swum breaststroke for Australia at the 1938 Empire Games, the daughter of Bill, later Justice, Dovey. Their marriage is the longest prime ministerial union.

He said in 2002: “My 25 years as member for Werriwa and three years as prime minister were just flashes compared in the long, warm glow of the other significant anniversary I celebrated this year – 60 years together with Margaret Elaine Dovey.”

Margaret helped keep Gough’s feet near the ground. She said: “I’m a bit tired of all the adulation. He’s almost reached the beatification stage. I suppose canonisation will come, with the obituaries.”

Whitlam joined the Labor Party in 1945, completed legal studies, joined the bar in 1947 and used a war service loan to build a house at Cronulla.

He stood in 1948 for Sutherland shire council and failed, stood in the 1950 NSW election, and failed, before winning the outer western suburbs federal seat of Werriwa in a 1952 by-election. His family recognised in the post-World War II electorate the disadvantages in education, health, transport, housing and other urban facilities.

He tried to correct the deficiencies. Neville Wran, former NSW premier, said: “It was said of Caesar Augustus that he found a Rome of brick and left it of marble. It can be said of Gough Whitlam that he found Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane unsewered, and left them fully flushed.”

Labor colleagues in Canberra saw the new, exceptionally tall member as an oddity – avoiding bars and absorbed in work. Robert Menzies saw Whitlam’s potential: “He will lead the [Labor] party one day. It will not be dull.”

Whitlam saw government as an instrument to improve life for all Australians. Graham Freudenberg wrote in A Certain Grandeur: “He took certain propositions as self-evident and among these were: that the national parliament was the only really important parliament in Australia; that the role of government was constructive, positive and benevolent; that action by governments, through parliament and the public service, was the normal and natural approach for the solution of Australian problems …”.

His interests ranged from flushing the suburbs to recognising “Red China”. A speech in 1954 urged the latter. An internationalist and nationalist, he said in 1963: “Australia must strive above all things and more than most nations for the Parliament of the Man, the Federation of the World. The ultimate security of our nation and the ultimate survival of civilisation alike demand it.”

The weakening of United Nations authority, after the United States became the one superpower, disappointed Whitlam, who thought that history’s lessons were not being learned. He pointed to Italy and Germany’s arming Franco in Spain while the United States stayed out of the League of Nations; to the Americans helping the Taliban to remove the Russians from Afghanistan and arming Saddam Hussein’s Iraq against fundamentalist Muslim Iran.

While Labor toiled in the wilderness after the split over communism in 1954-55, Whitlam made the most of scarce opportunities. After H.V.

“Doc” Evatt resigned the leadership in 1960, he beat Eddie Ward to become deputy under Arthur Calwell. His two principal campaigns were for state aid to private schools, particularly poor Catholic schools, according to need, and for reform of the party structure.

When the 36 delegates to the 1963 federal conference met to decide policy on the North West Cape naval base, part of the US nuclear defence network, Calwell and Whitlam had to wait outside the meeting, powerless. Menzies attacked the “36 faceless men”.

After the conference was reformed, Whitlam denounced the federal executive: “We’ve just got rid of the 36 faceless men stigma to be faced with the 12 witless men.” Reprimanded for “gross disloyalty”, he escaped expulsion.

He had helped win the Dawson by-election in Queensland and his electoral appeal was becoming obvious. His theory that leaders either “crash through or crash” also became obvious.

Despite Calwell’s brilliantly prophetic anti-Vietnam war speech, Labor was thrashed in the 1966 election. Replacing Calwell, Whitlam developed a wide range of policies, building what he called “The Program”.

Old Labor policies, including the pledge of nationalisation that Whitlam described as Old Testament, were superseded by the New Testament.

When the executive’s left-wing refused to accept Brian Harradine’s credentials in 1968, Whitlam resigned and called on parliamentary colleagues to confirm or replace him. He beat Jim Cairns, but only by 38 to 32.

Labor gained a 7 per cent swing in 1969, reducing the John Gorton Government’s majority to seven seats. Labor would have won under the one-vote, one-value system Whitlam introduced in 1974.

The party would probably have had four years of government in a healthy economy, before the 1973 world oil price shock. This might have prevented the slide into chaos.

In parliament, his favourite forum, Whitlam had established ascendancy over Menzies’ successors Harold Holt and Gorton, then had fun at the expense of the ineffectual Bill McMahon.

McMahon tried to revive the communist bogey when Whitlam met Chou-En-lai in China in 1971, only to discover that US President Nixon was following in Whitlam’s footsteps. With the help of Clyde Cameron and John Ducker, the ALP’s Victorian branch was reformed and a measure of reform brought to NSW.

A majority of Australians accepted Labor’s campaign slogan in 1972 – “It’s Time”. The Coalition had been in power too long. Whitlam won a swing of only 2.6 per cent on December 2, but enough to take eight seats and government.

Impatient to start governing before Christmas, Whitlam had himself and his deputy, Lance Barnard, sworn into the existing 27 portfolios. He called the two-man government “the duumvirate”, or “the triumvirate” when Sir Paul Hasluck, the governor-general, signed necessary documents.

They ended military conscription, released conscientious objectors from jail, recognised China, abolished knighthoods and moved towards Aboriginal land rights.

The full ministry, sworn in six days before Christmas, kept up the pace. Believing education to be the key to equal opportunity, Whitlam abolished tertiary fees and greatly increased spending for schools, universities and colleges.

Pensions were increased and indexed and Medibank established as Australia’s first national health insurance system. Urban and regional development programs were boosted. No Australian government has been so determined to implement without delay such comprehensive reform.

Yet many reforms only brought Australia into line with modern social democracies.

Australians who remember the government for its dark days and dismissal may be surprised by the 1973 record.

The program covered cities and local government, racial and gender discrimination, health, education, social security, minerals and energy, migrants, human rights, rural industries, the environment and the national estate.

In foreign affairs, where Whitlam wanted “a more independent stance”, 39 treaties and conventions were signed.

A National Gallery of Australia employee described Jackson Pollock’s Blue Poles, which the Whitlam government bought controversially, as a metaphor for the government – the long hours that went into the painting, never wondering whether it would work, the excitement, passion, sheer rapture, flourishes, sudden insights, grand movements, spatters and accidents.

Historians Clem Lloyd and G.S.Reid wrote: “In the generally undistinguished, and often tawdry, atmosphere of Australian national politics, it is impossible to deny the Whitlam Government its certain grandeur.” Historian Geoffrey Bolton described the government as “a shining aberration” in an essentially conservative nation.

Government spending increased by 5.7 per cent after inflation in 1973-74 and by 19.8 per cent in 1974-75. The program had been developed during economic buoyancy of the late 1960s, with Keynesism triumphant.

Whitlam, like previous prime ministers, had never become intimately involved in economic decision-making. He failed to give primacy to economic matters, a practice now required of governments.

His government, having long focused on wealth distribution, had little idea about its creation. Whitlam appealed less to people’s material instincts than to their better instincts.

The economy would run itself, with Treasury help, and the program would be financed from economic growth. But the quadrupling of oil prices in 1973 ended that and the government allowed the economy to run out of control.

Whitlam’s adherence to the program sprang from the belief that political promises should be kept, but economic reality mugged the program.

The 1974 Budget was a mess. Whitlam replaced Treasurer Frank Crean with Cairns, who rejected Treasury advice and chose an expansionary fiscal policy to combat recession. Cairns was replaced in 1975 by Bill Hayden, who brought restraint and responsibility. It was too late.

The Loans and Morosi affairs gave the Opposition leader, Malcolm Fraser, the “reprehensible circumstances” he used to force an election by blocking Supply in the Senate.

Rex Connor, Minister for Minerals and Energy, who wanted to build a powerful nation by harnessing Australia’s resources, kept trying for a $4 billion loan from the Middle East after the government had ruled it out.

Juni Morosi, an attractive Eurasian, was distracting Cairns. Whitlam sacked both for misleading parliament, but he had failed to control his cabinet.

Although John Kerr acted within his constitutional rights, the debate as to whether he should have dismissed the democratically elected government survives Whitlam’s death. The modern test of the reserve powers under which Kerr acted was resolved in Britain in 1913, when King George V decided in favour of the people’s house, the Commons, by not using the powers.

The vice-regal action tarnished the Australian political system. Malcolm Fraser’s coalition won the ensuing election with a 55-seat majority but would have won anyhow, with runaway inflation, high interest rates and growing unemployment. Labor won power in NSW only six months later and nationally eight years later, but the political system attracted new levels of cynicism from 1975.

The lesson for Labor was that, despite the fact that many western countries fared just as badly after the oil shocks and that Whitlam introduced economic reform with a 25 per cent tariff cut, future governments must give primacy to economics.

The Hawke and Keating governments took the lesson. Describing Whitlam as “one of the most respected and admired figures in labour party politics the world over”, British Prime Minister Tony Blair said that Whitlam’s was a modernising government that had paved the way for the Hawke and Keating governments and that British Labour had learnt from them.

Revelations that the ALP had sought $500,000 from Iraq’s Baath Socialist Party to help finance the 1975 campaign further damaged Whitlam. East Timor also threatened his reputation.

Critics claimed that Whitlam, prime minister in the lead-up to Indonesia’s invasion of the former Portuguese colony in 1975, gave the Indonesian president a “green light” to take over East Timor by force of arms.

Whitlam and Soeharto met when the Vietnam war was fresh in Australian hearts and minds and the West was disengaging from Asia.

The record shows that, while Whitlam – and western governments generally – believed that the most desirable outcome would be for East Timor to be incorporated into Indonesia, this could be achieved only through self-determination by the East Timorese.

The question is whether Whitlam pushed hard enough for self-determination. Although he made several references to self-determination, he seems not to have considered the consequences if the Timorese rejected incorporation. The evidence points to a lack of insistence on self-determination.

After the election, Whitlam offered the leadership to Hayden, who declined, before challenging a year later and losing to Whitlam, 30-32.

Whitlam’s loss in the 1977 election was even more devastating than in the unique circumstances of 1975. “This [1977] was the people’s rejection of Edward Gough Whitlam,” Freudenberg wrote. When his eldest son, Tony, failed in St George, the father said, his voice breaking: “It’s his name …”

Yet Whitlam had not lost his sense of optimism, his faith in humanity or in parliament. He was free of bitterness. “Bitterness is a vice,” he said. “It destroys.” He believed politics remained an honourable profession and that parliament was Australia’s instrument for reform and equality.

The Hawke Government appointed him Ambassador to UNESCO, the post to which Fraser had sent Kerr. On his return, he became chairman of the Australian National Gallery.

He accepted other government and university appointments, travelled widely, addressed all manner of gatherings, wrote books and articles, campaigned for press freedom and human rights with his old adversary Fraser, was a regular at opening nights and advertised spaghetti sauce.

Kerr’s sacking of Whitlam’s government on November 11, 1975, was proclaimed by Kerr’s secretary, David Smith, who finished by asking God to save the Queen. “Well may we say ‘God save the Queen’ because nothing will save the governor-general,” Whitlam responded, urging supporters to “maintain the rage and enthusiasm”.

In later years he sometimes revealed a wistfulness about what might have been: “People remember that speech better than any other speech I made in Parliament.”

Whitlam rarely doubted himself, which was both a strength and a weakness. He shaped public opinion rather than react to opinion polls.

He turned the ALP from its tight trade unionism to a more open, ambitious social democracy, making Labor a credible alternative government again after 23 years.

He made people laugh, a rare quality in politicians. His wit endured. When a carer asked him, at 97, if he had four children, he replied: “So far.”

Few Australians in public life can have had such a passion for their country and such a vision of its possibilities.

He said in his 1997 book, Abiding Interests, his “epistle to the Australians”, that his abiding interests for Australia would end only “with a long and fortunate life”.

Margaret Whitlam, whom he described as his best appointment and most constant critic, died in 2012, a month before their 70th wedding anniversary.

Gough Whitlam is survived by his sons Tony, Nick and Stephen; daughter Catherine and sister Freda.

Leave your tribute in the comments below.


This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

Collapse haunts New England in War Veterans Cup

NET run rate prevented New England from advancing to the semi-finals of the re-vamped war Veterans Cup after the side picked up a win and a loss from its two matches in Tamworth on the weekend.

EARLY SEASON FORM: Brad Smith continued his strong start to the season with 35 for New England on Saturday.

To end Tamworth’s reign on the War Veterans Cup, the competition was redesigned this year to pit the six Tamworth club sides against combined New England and Namoi sides.

Although the semi-finals will be contested by four Tamworth sides, the new concept is being praised as it clearly evened up competition.

New England took on North Tamworth on Saturday in their first match for the weekend at Tamworth’s Riverside 2.

After winning the toss and batting New England got off to a brilliant start with Brad Smith (35) and skipper Matt Baillie (18) putting on 41 for the first wicket before Baillie was caught off the bowling of Jason Stacpoole.

Smith and Michael Dawson (27) continued on with the job to advance the score to 1-76.

Once those two departed the run rate slowly began to decline.

Todd Francis scored a run a ball 31 and Lochlan Elks (27 off 27) did his best to bump the score up over 200.

Baillie said after the strong platform laid early, New England should have built a bigger total.

“Smithy was hitting the ball hard early on,” he said.

“The top five did their job, we just didn’t finish off.

“We lacked some intent in the last 10 overs.”

Openers Karl Triebe (1-16) and Adam Sweeny (1-28) picked up an early wicket each, but it was in the middle overs that North Tamworth started to get away.

“They got on top of our spinners,” Baillie said.

Elks (3-23) was introduced into the attack late and almost turned the game on its head with a devastating spell.

The North Tamworth batsmen were able to regain their composure and passed New England’s total with two overs to spare.

“We gave them a bit of a scare,” Baillie said.

New England backed up on Sunday to take on West Tamworth at Chaffey Park.

An Adam Sweeny masterclass (3-10) had West Tamworth reeling early on at 5-30 at the first drinks break.

Sam Uphill (3-31) did the majority of the damage in the middle overs to see West at 9-70.

A 26 run final wicket stand took the Tamworth side’s total up to 96.

Baillie (44) led the way with the bat, but didn’t get any support from the other end.

New England passed the total six wickets down, but losing that amount of wickets was catastrophic for their net run rate.

“We just needed to lose one or two less wickets to get through,” Baillie said.

“Losing six wickets chasing 96 just isn’t good enough.

“That is the part that really hurts, us not going through on net run rate.

“I would have liked to have seen how far this Armidale side could have gone.”

The majority of the New England players will have no time to dwell on their disappointment, with Tamworth due to travel up the New England Highway this weekend to face Armidale in the Country Cup.

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.